Lenguages

The official languages in Pakistan are Urdu and English. The latter is the most widely used in administration and by the ruling classes and high purchasing power. In contrast, the number of languages used daily in Pakistan, some of them official also in their communities such as Punjabi, Pashto or Balochi, rises to 75 languages, some of them endangered as Dameli, an Indo-Aryan language, spoken by about 5,000 people in parts of the tourist village of Chital, where a total of 12 languages are spoken.

In Gilgit-Baltistan the variety of languages is important. Thirty languages with Indo-Aryan, Indo-Iranian and Sino-Tibetan roots are spoken. Some of the languages used are Urdu, Pashto, Shina, Balti, Wakhi and Burushaski as well as English, and Shina is also official.

The Balti spoken by more than 300,000 people is a language of the Sino-Tibetan family that includes more than 250 languages used throughout Asia. It belongs to the subgroup of Western Tibetan languages and has great similarities to Sherpa and Tibetan.

The common language of the people of the Hushe Valley is often the only one known to women. Although it cannot be catalogued as one of the endangered languages, it is being replaced by Urdu in large urban areas and its use as a vehicular language is increasingly reduced.